Last edited by Tagal
Sunday, July 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of Occupational lung disease in underground gold miners in Ghana found in the catalog.

Occupational lung disease in underground gold miners in Ghana

Fred Yaw Bio

Occupational lung disease in underground gold miners in Ghana

a case study of Obuasi

by Fred Yaw Bio

  • 250 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (PhD) - University of Birmingham, School of Medicine, Institute of Occupational Health.

Statementby Fred Yaw Bio.
The Physical Object
Pagination225 p. :
Number of Pages225
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16028865M

diseases, such as cancer, asthma, allergic alveolitis, and irritation, as well as a whole range of non-respiratory illnesses, which may occur at much lower exposure levels. This document aims to help reduce the risk of these diseases by aiding better control of dust in the work environment. First, the recognition of the disease now strictly requires the use of lung function measurements; second, it is apparent that there is a large proportion of ‘disease’ that is asymptomatic and thus otherwise unrecognized; third, a far higher proportion of persons exposed to the causes of COPD appear to have the condition than was formerly.

  Thousands of South African gold miners are attempting to launch a multi-million pound lawsuit against leading companies for alleged negligence that resulted in them contracting lung diseases. Underground visit for media to see dust prevention in action September Inception of joint Steering Committee with MBOD and CCOD December Meetings with claimants' attorneys get underway March Initial meeting with Minister of Health May Launch of Project KuRiha 18 November Working Group launch announced 10 November

  Arthur McIvor and Ronald Johnston explore the experience of coal miners' lung diseases and the attempts at voluntary and legal control of dusty conditions in British mining from the late nineteenth century to the present. In this way, the book addresses the important issues of occupational health and safety within the mining industry; issues that have been severely neglected in studies of. Decades spent inhaling dangerous silica dust on gold mines has left Verster with second-degree silicosis, an incurable, progressive lung disease. A former smoker, he also suffers from heart.


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Occupational lung disease in underground gold miners in Ghana by Fred Yaw Bio Download PDF EPUB FB2

Occupational Respiratory Diseases of Miners from Two Gold Mines in Ghana by Esther Ayaaba, Yan Li, Jiali Yuan and Chunhui Ni * Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, NanjingChinaCited by: 4.

underground gold miners in Ghana, % [24]. gold miners have to face different lung diseases due to exposure to gold dust from their occupational circumstances.

can be understood within. Occupational lung disease in underground gold miners in Ghana: case of Obuasi. (Thesis) Bio FY. Publisher: University of Birmingham [] Metadata Source: The British Library Type: Thesis. Abstract. Highlight Terms No biological terms identified No abstract supplied.

Underground miners can experience occupational health diseases due to exposure to particulate matter hazards. hazards in an underground gold mine in Ghana. Methods. Occupational Lung. Gold Mine is operated by the Gold Fields Ltd.

of South Africa. The Obuasi Gold Mine is an open-pit and underground gold mine, situated near Obuasi and is one of the top-9 largest gold mines on Earth [19]. Gold mining began at the mine more than years ago, inwhen it was known originally as Ashati Mine [20].Cited by: 4.

Background: Underground miners can experience occupational health diseases due to exposure to particulate matter hazards. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to examine occupational exposures of underground miners to dust and diesel particulate matter and to identify exposure groups with high potential to develop associated health effects due to the presence of dust and diesel.

Occupational lung disease In the mining industry Michael Pysklywec, MD MSc CCFP(EM) DOHS FCBOM • Review pathophysiology of various lung diseases • Understand the relative occurrence/burden of these lung diseases in mining • Improve identification and recognition of occupational gold miners (Cowie et al, ) •Exposure to.

mines. Trapido et al63 estimated the unpaid occupational lung disease compensation for gold miners to be 10 billion South African rands (US$ billion; $1¼R7) incloser to 20 billion rands (US$ billion) today.

Even in poor countries, investments in compensation systems should bring greater returns in reduced disease burdens and.

Miners are at risk of developing a lung disease called pneumoconiosis because of their regular exposure to airborne respirable dust, and miners with five or more years' mining experience who are exposed to exhaust from diesel engines have an increased risk of dying from lung cancer.

Overview. Occupational disease continues to be a leading cause of illness and death to workers in the mining industry. Between andthere were occupational disease fatalities in Ontario’s mining sector, based on Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) ers must ensure measure and controls are in place to protect workers from exposure to hazards that can.

Practices of artisanal mining have continued in the recent decades, despite the hazards of mining accidents and lung diseases.

Occupational lung diseases such as silicosis take up to ten years to show its symptoms. By the time the symptoms manifest, they are already deadly. Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Amendment Act, No. 45 of Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Amendment Act, No.

of Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Amendment Act, No. 30 of Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Amendment Act, No. 83 of Pension Laws Amendment Act, No. of   Silicosis, tuberculosis and other occupational lung diseases associated with mining have long existed as unaddressed threats to South African and migrant populations across southern Africa who came to work in mines in search of a decent life; rectifying such injustices requires attending to both the experiences of a diverse range of individuals as well as structural factors and processes.

Lung diseases and other mining-sector health risks pose major challenges for Mongolia. Gold and coal mines, both formal and informal, contribute significantly to economic growth, but the prevalence of occupational lung diseases is high and access to health care is limited.

Having made several strides towards its goal of finding sustainable compensation and medical care solutions for present and future gold mining employees, the Gold Mining Industry Working Group on Occupational Lung Disease (OLD) is aiming to do the same for former gold mine employees by reaching an out-of-court settlement before the end of the year on the class action lawsuit that was.

Lung diseases among black goldminers have also been less intensively studied than among white goldminers. 1 A study of in-service black goldminers found a low prevalence of silicosis, %, but did not stratify by length of service nor occupation.

5 In contrast, two recent studies of ex-miners in labour sending areas of the Eastern Cape 4. NIOSH studied gold miners silica dust exposure and the risk of kidney disease. NIOSH’s first study was of gold miners who worked underground for at least one year between The study examined deaths due to lung cancer, kidney disease, tuberculosis, and diseases of the immune system.

NIOSH next studied gold miners who worked underground for at least one year between. This is a study of the respiratory health of the available underground gold miners of the largest and oldest mine in Ghana with a response rate of %. The prevalence of chronic bronchitis was % and breathlessness MRC grade ≥2 %.

Background: This is the first study in Ghana in the Obuasi gold mines where the silica content of the respirable dust is 10%, less than in previously studied gold mines, with only 23% of the minershaving ever smoked.

Objectives: The study was to assess the prevalence of respiratory impairment in the Ghanaian gold miner and to quantify the effects of the respirable dust on pulmonary. However, occupational lung diseases (OLDs) in female gold miners have not been studied.

Aims To compare autopsy-diagnosed pulmonary silicosis, lymph gland silicosis (a precursor of pulmonary silicosis) and active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in South African gold miners.

Comparison of lung function in miners and other occupations. A series of early studies by the MRC Pneumoconiosis Research Unit in South Wales found significantly lower mean levels of indirect maximum breathing capacity (IMBC) in miners and ex-miners than in non-miners of the same age.2 However, there was no clear relation between IMBC and duration of underground or face work.

The mining industry has a reputation for being a risky business, with health risks that are varied and often quite serious, and it is important for miners to protect themselves accordingly. Nevertheless, mining doesn’t have to be unsafe.

With the introduction of strict safety legislation and protocol, as well as advances in safety equipment, the industry has seen its fatality rate drop over.

Medical Deaths due to occupational diseases The number of Annual Medical Reports submitted to the Department increase by 8% from. in to in Medical deaths reported from the gold mines decreased from 26 in to 15 inand from platinum mines the number increased from five (5) in to seven (7) in